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Minimum wage: 300 baht ends next year

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Return to old min wage system next year, as some blame 2013 min wage increase to 300 baht for current export slump, while others call for increase to 360 baht because cost of living has doubled since 2013.

LABOUR

B300 wage to be scrapped next year

6/06/2015
Online Reporters

The 300-baht national daily minimum wage will be scrapped next year, to be replaced by the old system where wages vary by each province based on the cost of living.

The current rate will be in effect until the end of this year, Labour Ministry permanent secretary Nakhon Silpa-archa was quoted by Thai media as saying at a seminar of wage committee members on Friday.

It remains undecided whether the daily minimum wage will be higher but the Wage Committee decided on Dec 8, 2014 to reinstate the old regime where wages vary by the cost of living and the economy of each province, he said.

"The ministry is studying the feasibility of floating wages and an appropriate way to set the rates," he said.

The change will increase Thailand's competitiveness and employment rates, said Mr Nakorn, adding it would also improve the living conditions of workers and reduce wage disparities. Employees will have to improve their skills and productivity, the key factors determining wages and incomes.

For 2016, the provincial wage committees were asked to study and propose the minimum wages, to be considered at a national meeting in October.

A guideline for 2016 will also be used as a standard for the following years. 

The Thai Labour Solidarity Committee proposed in late March that the minimum wage be increased to 360 baht a day after a 2015 survey found the cost of living of workers almost doubled from 2013.

The 300-baht minimum wage, a more than 100% increase for workers in some provinces, was one of the election campaign promises of the Yingluck Shinawatra government. Taking effect in 2013, it drew substantial resistance from employers who claim it undermined the country's competitiveness. The hike was also blamed for the current export slump Thailand is now facing.

The Yingluck government defended the move, saying the wage had not been revised for several years and was far below a reasonable cost of living. It helped operators by providing tax breaks for machine imports to replace more expensive labour.

The wage committee consists of five representatives each from employers, employees and the government.

http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/general/584289/b300-wage-to-be-scrapped-next-year

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Vocabulary:

appropriate : suitable or right for a particular situation or purpose - ที่เหมาะสม

based on (verb): information or facts used to make a story, calculation, judgement or decision - ตั้งอยู่บน,ยึดเป็นหลัก

blame : to say or think that someone or something did something wrong or is responsible for something bad happening - ตำหนิ

campaign (noun): a planned series of activities designed to persuade voters to vote for a particular candidate or political party - การรณรงค์หาเสียง

committee : a group of people who are chosen, usually by a larger group, to make decisions or to deal with a particular subject - คณะกรรมการ

competitiveness : trying very hard to be better than others - ความตั้งใจในการแข่งขัน; ความสามารถในการแข่งขัน

conditions : the circumstances or situation in which people live, work or do things - เหตุการณ์, สภาพการ, สถานการณ์

consider : to give careful thought to something before making a decision - พิจารณา

consist of : to be made of or formed from something - ประกอบด้วย

cost of living (noun): the amount of money that people need to pay for ordinary goods and services such as food, clothing and a place to live - ค่าครองชีพ

current : of the present time - ปัจจุบัน

daily (adj.): happening, done or produced every day - แต่ละวัน, ทุกวัน

defend : to say things to support someone or something - ปกป้อง

determine : to find out or decide something - ตัดสินใจ  ระบุ

disparity (adj): a difference between things, especially reflecting something negative or unfair - ความไม่เหมือนกัน, ความต่าง,ความไม่เสมอกัน

double : to become twice as big, twice as much or twice as many - เพิ่มเป็นสองเท่า

election (noun): the process of choosing a person or a group of person for a position, especially by voting - การเลือกตั้ง

employee : someone who is paid regularly to work for a person or an organisation - ลูกจ้าง

employer : a person, company, or organisation that pays someone to work for them as a member of their staff - นายจ้าง

employment (noun): when a person has work that earns them money - การจ้างงาน, การงาน

expensive (adj): costing a lot of money - แพง

export (noun): something sold and transported to another country - สินค้าออก

factor : a fact or situation which influences the result of something - ปัจจัย

feasibility : the possibility that something can be achieved - ความเป็นไปได้

float (verb): when something such as an exchange rate or interest rate is allowed to move up and down freely in response to market forces and government does not try to control it -

guidelines : official instructions or advice about how to do something - สิ่งที่ช่วยแนะแนวทางให้ปฏิบัติ

hike : an increase - การเพิ่มสูงขึ้น

import : to buy or bring in products from another country - นำเข้า

in effect : in use - กำลังใช้อยู่

income : money that someone gets from working or from investing money - รายได้

key : very important - ที่สำคัญ

labour : people whose job involves hard physical work that is not skilled, especially work that is done outdoors - กรรมกร, ผู้ใช้แรงงาน

machine : a piece of equipment or device that does something and gets its energy from electricity or gas - เครื่องจักร, เครื่องกล

media : radio, television, newspaper, the Internet, considered as a group - สื่อ

member : a person, a country or an organization that has joined a particular group, club or team - สมาชิก

minimum wage : the lowest wage, daily or hourly, allowed by law - ค่าจ้างขั้นต่ำ

ministry : a government department that has a particular area of responsibility - กระทรวง

move (noun): action -

national (adjective): for the whole country - แห่งชาติ, ของชาติ

operator (noun): a person or company that runs a business - ผู้ดำเนินกิจการทางธุรกิจ, ผู้ประกอบธุรกิจ

permanent secretary : a government official, not a political appointee, in charge of a ministry - ปลัดกระทรวง

productivity (noun): the rate/speed at which goods are produced, especially compared to the time, money, and workers needed to produce them, e.g., how much of something is produced in an hour by a worker or compared to the amount of money invested - ผลิตภาพ; การเพิ่มผลผลิต; ความสามารถในการผลิต

propose : to suggest an idea for a group to consider - เสนอ

provide : to give someone/ something that they want or need - จัดหาให้, จัดเตรียมไว้ให้

province : one of many divisions of the government of a country into smaller parts - จังหวัด

provincial (adj): related to "provinces" , the different parts of a country - ประจำจังหวัด, ส่วนท้องถิ่น

quote : to repeat the words that someone else has said or written - ยกคำพูดมา

rate : an amount of money that is paid or charged - ราคา, อัตรา

reasonable : fair, practical and sensible - มีเหตุผล

reduce : to make something smaller or less in amount, size, importance etc - ลดลง

regime : a system for oreganizing and controlling some activity -

reinstate : to cause something to exist again - นำกลับมาใช้อีก

remain (verb): to stay in the same place; to not leave - ยังอยู่, พักอยู่, รออยู่

replace : to change from one thing to another - แทน

representative : someone who has been chosen or elected by a person or group to vote, give opinions, or make decisions for them - ผู้แทน

resistance : opposition to some or something - การต่อต้าน

revise : to change, improve, or make additions to something - แก้ไข

scrapped : decided not to continue with something, such as a plan or event - ยุติแผนที่วางไว้

seminar : a meeting for discussion or training - การสัมมนา

skill : the ability to do something well, usually as a result of experience and training - ฝีมือ, ทักษะ

slump : a period when an economy is much less successful than before and many people lose their jobs - ช่วงเศรษฐกิจตกต่ำ

solidarity : agreement between and support for the members of a group - ความเป็นน้ำหนึ่งใจเดียว ความสามัคคี

standards : rules for behaving which should be obeyed - มาตรฐาน, บรรทัดฐาน, กฎเกณฑ์, กรอบ

substantial : large in size, value or importance - มากมาย, ยิ่งใหญ่, สำคัญ

survey : to make an examination of something to find out about its condition - สำรวจ

take effect : to begin to be used or required - ส่งผล

tax break : a reduction in taxes - การลดหย่อนภาษี

undermine : to make someone become gradually less effective, confident, or successful - บ่อนทำลาย

vary : to be different in different situations - ปรวนแปร, เปลี่ยนแปลง, แตกต่าง

wage : an amount of money that you earn for working, usually according to how many hours or days you work each week or month - ค่าจ้าง

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