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Cyber war on govt: Cyber army recruits with online courses

Cyber activists announce a full-fledged "cyber war" against the government for its refusal to respond to their demands to formally scrap the controversial single gateway proposal. Inset: Mr Uttama, the current ICT Minister who has been handling the fallout from the gateway proposal & image displayed from Thailand's Ministry of Information and Communication Technology when accessing prohibited content.

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Thailand F5 Cyber Army recruiting netizens through online courses to shut down government websites. Govt threatens legal action against cyber-attack participants.


Activists threaten full-scale 'cyber war' on government

Nanchanok Wongsamuth

Cyber activists last week announced a full-fledged "cyber war" against the government for its refusal to respond to their demands to formally scrap the controversial single gateway proposal.

In preparation for subsequent attacks, a group calling itself "Thailand F5 Cyber Army" is recruiting netizens through online courses aimed at temporarily shutting down government websites — this time for more than just a few hours. 


"What we’ve done so far is only symbolic. We want the government to realise the extent to which people are against the proposal," said a team representative who asked not to be named. "As for serious attacks on the government’s IT system — we haven’t even started them."

The Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Ministry last week announced it would abandon the single gateway plan.

But the activists said they would continue their campaign until the proposal was formally scrapped by a cabinet order. The government has refused to comment on the planned "cyber war".


Since the start of the courses last Sunday night, almost 1,000 people have expressed interest in joining the training. However, due to limited spots, the group was able to provide passwords to just over 300 people to join the chat rooms. Classes are separated into basic and advanced levels and take place three days a week.

Volunteers teach participants how to hide their IP addresses using a Firefox web browser and how to install and use a computer application that automatically refreshes the targeted websites every second.


The attacks started at the beginning of this month when activists repeatedly refreshed government websites simultaneously, a tactic known as a distributed denial of service attack (DDoS), to overload servers and make the web pages slow or temporarily unavailable

The government has threatened legal action against those who participate in the cyber-attacks.


On Wednesday night, the deadline the group set for the government to formally drop the project, more than 30 members in the basic level course launched a test attack on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ website, bringing it down in less than five minutes.

"This demonstrates the higher than expected potential of Thais who love freedom and also the inadequate government IT system," said the representative. "Instead of limiting our rights and freedom, [the government] should work on upgrading their own system."

The group announced a "cyber war against the authoritarian government” and reiterated its call to halt the single gateway proposal.


The group also announced four additional demands: for political appointees overseeing the project to resign from their positions, to ensure there will be no violation of online freedom outside the judicial system, and to not press charges against anyone involved in the cyber attacks. The premier also must not invoke Section 44 of the interim charter to give amnesty to political appointees overseeing the project.

Although Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha has said he had not instructed any agency to move forward with the project, the group believes that part of the budget has already been allocated for this purpose, which will eventually enable the government to control and spy on online communications.

The group is already accepting volunteers who will keep programmes running on their computers for five days in a row.

Andrew Smith, director of computer forensic services at Orion Investigations Co, said if the internet service provider (ISP) is unable to suppress the attack, it is likely the website will stay down until the attack finishes. "It is not uncommon for attacks to last several days," he said.

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abandon : to leave someone/something - ปล่อยทิ้งไว้

activist : someone who takes part in activities that are intended to achieve political or social change, especially someone who is a member of an organisation - นักกิจกรรม

advanced (adj): having the most modern and recently developed ideas, methods, etc - ก้าวหน้า, สมัยใหม่

agency (noun): a government department that provides a particular service - หน่วยงานราชการ

aim : to have as your purpose or goal - มีเป้าหมาย มีจุดมุ่งหมาย

allocate (verb): to officially give something to someone - จัดสรร, จัดแบ่ง

amnesty : a situation in which a government agrees not to punish people who have committed a crime - การนิรโทษกรรม

announce : to tell people something officially, especially about a decision, plans, etc - ประกาศ, แจ้ง, แจ้งให้ทราบ

application (app) : a program designed to do a particular job; a piece of software - โปรแกรมใช้งาน, โปรแกรมคอมพิวเตอร์

appointee : a person who is appointed to a position or job -

authoritarian : controlling everything and forcing people to obey strict rules and laws - เผด็จการ, เกี่ยวกับอำนาจเบ็ดเสร็จ

automatically : when a machine does something by itself without needing a humaN to operate it and make decisions; self-operating, automated - อัตโนมัติ, เป็นไปโดยอัตโนมัติ

basic : of the simplest kind or at the simplest level - พื้นฐาน, อันดับแรก, สำคัญ

cabinet : the group of government ministers who make and approve government policy - คณะรัฐมนตรี

call (noun): a request, an order or a demand for somebody to do something or to go somewhere - ข้อเรียกร้อง

campaign : a planned group of especially political, business or military activities which are intended to achieve a particular aim - การรณรงค์

charter : a constitution - รัฐธรรมนูญ

communications (noun): the process of sending information through television, radio, telephone signals and the internet - การสื่อสาร

continue : happening or existing for a period of time without interruption - ซึ่งติดต่อกัน, ซึ่งต่อเนื่องกัน

controversial : causing disagreement or disapproval - ความไม่ลงรอยกัน

course : a course of study, a program of study - หลักสูตร, วิชา, กระบวนวิชา

cyber- : connected with electronic communication networks, especially the Internet - ไซเบอร์, คำนำหน้าหมายถึงคอมพิวเตอร์

deadline : a time or day by which something must be done - เส้นตาย

demand (noun): the need and desire of people to buy goods - อุปสงค์

demonstrate (verb): to show something and explain how it works - สาธิต

drop (verb): to stop doing something; to end an activity or programme - เลิก, ยกเลิก, หยุด

due to : because of - เนื่องจาก

enable : to make someone able to do something, or to make something possible - ทำให้เป็นไปได้

ensure : to make certain that something happens or is done - ให้การยืนยัน, รับรอง, ให้ความมั่นใจ

eventually : at the end of a period of time or at the end of a process - ในที่สุด

express interest : to say formally that you are interested in participating in some activity, project or business deal -

extent : size; the degree to which something happens or is likely to happen - ขนาด ขอบเขต

forensic : relating to the use of scientific methods to solve  crimes or to find out why something happened - เกี่ยวกับนิติวิทยาศาสตร์

formally : officially; following an agreed or official way of doing things - อย่างเป็นทางการ

freedom : the state of not being a prisoner - อิสรภาพ, เสรีภาพ

full-fledged : the fully grown and developed, mature version of something - ซึ่งเติบโตเต็มที่, ซึ่งเจริญเต็มที่

gateway (noun): a device or system that connects two computer networks that cannot be connected in any other way - เกตเวย์ อุปกรณ์สำหรับเืชื่อมต่อเครือข่ายคอมพิวเตอร์ที่ต่างกัน

halt : to stop - หยุด

hide : to cover something so that it cannot be seen; to keep something secret - ซ่อน, ซุกซ่อน, ปกปิด

in a row (idiom): straight; consecutive; happening one after the other, without interruption - ต่อเนื่อง

inadequate : not enough, or not good enough for a particular purpose - อย่างไม่เพียงพอ

install : to put a piece of equipment somewhere and make it ready for use - ติดตั้ง

interim : temporary and intended to be used or accepted until something permanent exists - ชั่วคราว

internet service provider (ISP) : a company that provides internet service to people and companies - ผู้ให้บริการอินเทอร์เน็ต (ไอเอสพี)

IP address : Internet Protocol address; a number assigned to each device (e.g., computer, printer) participating in a computer network that uses the internet for communication -

judicial : relating to the courts of law - ในชั้นศาล

launch : starting something - การเริ่มต้น

level : a position or rank in a scale of size or importance - ระดับ

limited : not much or enough; not very great in amount or extent - จำกัด

netizen : a person who uses the Internet a lot - พลเมืองเครือข่ายคอมพิวเตอร์

online : controlled by or connected to a computer or to the Internet - ออนไลน์, การเชื่อมต่อผ่านระบบเครือข่ายทางคอมพิวเตอร์

order (noun): something that somebody is told to do by somebody in authority - คำสั่ง

oversee (verb): (past form: oversaw) to watch or organise a job or an activity to make certain that it is being done correctly - คุมงาน,ควบคุม

participant : someone who takes part in something - ผู้เข้าร่วม

participate : to take part in something - เข้าร่วม

password : the secret word that you use to get entry into your computer account - รหัสผ่าน

position : a job - ตำแหน่ง

potential : what is possible - ความเป็นไปได้

premier (noun): prime minister - นายกรัฐมนตรี

preparation : things that you do to get ready for something or make something ready - การตระเตรียม

press charges : to accuse someone officially of committing a crime - ตั้งข้อกล่าวหา

project : a planned piece of work that is designed to find information about something, to produce something new, or to improve something - โครงการ

proposal : a plan or suggestion for a group to consider - ข้อเสนอ

purpose : the intention to achieve something - ความตั้งใจ, ความประสงค์, ความปรารถนา, ความตั้งใจ

realise (verb): to know about - ตระหนัก  รู้

recruit : a person who has been persuaded to join a group - สมาชิกใหม่

refresh : to make fresh again - ทำให้สดชื่น

refusal : an act of saying or showing that you will not do, give or accept something - คำปฏิเสธ, การปฏิเสธ

reiterated : repeated something in order to emphasise it or make it very clear to people - ยืนยันตามเดิม

repeatedly : happening, said or done many times - อย่างซ้ำๆ

representative : someone who has been chosen or elected by a person or group to vote, give opinions, or make decisions for them - ผู้แทน

resign : to leave a job permanently - ลาออกจากตำแหน่ง

respond : to say something as a reaction to something that has been said - ตอบ

right : a moral or legal claim to have or get something or to behave in a particular way - สิทธิ

scrap : to get rid of; to stop using or accepting - เลิก, ทิ้ง

scrapped : decided not to continue with something, such as a plan or event - ยุติแผนที่วางไว้

separate : to keep or put apart - แยก

shut down (verb): close , stop operations of a factory or business - ปิดแน่น, ปิดโรงงาน, หยุดผลิตชั่วคราว

shutting down : closing , stopping operations of a factory or business - ปิดแน่น, ปิดโรงงาน, หยุดผลิตชั่วคราว

simultaneously : happening at the same time - ในเวลาเดียวกัน,ที่พร้อมกัน

single : one only - เดี่ยว

so far : up until this time - จนถึงทุกวันนี้

spot : a place existing somewhere or a position in some organization -

spy on : to watch someone secretly so that you know everything that they do -

subsequent : happening or coming after something else - ซึ่งตามมา

suppress : to prevent something from growing, developing or continuing - อดกลั้น, ยับยั้ง, ระงับ

symbolic : representing something important, but in this case, not the real thing - เป็นสัญญาณ เป็นสัญลักษณ์

target (noun): an object, person, business, building, area, etc., that someone intends to attack, deal with or find - เป้าหมาย

temporarily : for a limited period of time - ชั่วคราว

threaten : to say you might or will do something bad or harmful, especially in order to make someone do something - ขู่

unavailable : not able to be contacted; not able to talk to people or meet people - ไม่สามารถที่จะติดต่อได้, ไม่สามารถหาได้

uncommon : unusual; not existing in large numbers or in many places - ที่พบได้น้อย

upgrade : to make a project, a piece of machinery, computer system, etc. more powerful and efficient - ยกระดับ

violation : an action that is goes against a law, agreement, principle, etc. - การกระทำผิดกฎหมาย

volunteer (noun): someone who is not paid for the work that they do; someone who does something willingly without being required to - อาสาสมัคร


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