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China to the rescue with Mekong water release

On the rise: Water levels in the Mekong River in Tha Bo district of Nong Khai province have risen sharply following China’s dam discharge.

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Thai farmers to benefit from China's release of water from dam on Mekong River to help drought-stricken farmlands along river.

DROUGHT, DAMS & WATER

China to the rescue with Mekong water release

20/03/2016
Post Reporters

China may well have saved the day for many Thai farmers this week by opening dams along the Mekong River to let large quantities of water flow down to Thailand.

The release from a dam in Yunnan began on Tuesday and will last until April 10.

The release caused the water level of the Mekong River in Nong Khai province to rise to 1.8m yesterday, a 27cm rise.

CHINA'S WATER RELEASE OFFICIAL

Thailand's Ministry of Foreign Affairs has issued a letter saying Chinese embassy officials confirmed China would release water from Yunnan's Jinghom dam to help ease the drought situation and safeguard saline soil in Thailand.

According to the letter, about two megalitres per second of water would be released from the dam until April 10 to feed crops in farmland along the river.

CHINA: WORST DROUGHT IN 90 YEARS

Beijing was concerned that the drought situation was worsening, affecting farmers in many provinces.

China is also facing a drought, its worst in 90 years.

In Yunnan, the Mekong River's water level has receded by 20%.

UNEXPECTED HELP FOR THAI FARMERS

Thai farmers along the Mekong River who planted crops in defiance of government orders or who switched to fishing to sustain themselves during the drought are awash with relief after China began releasing water upstream.

The release of water prompted the Nong Khai central administration office to issue a warning to local authorities, urging them to pass the word to (inform) locals who would be affected by the rising water.

A number of farmers have switched from off-season rice cultivation to fish farming in the river, while many of them have planted vegetables.

The government expects the drought crisis to hit after April because water levels in the country's main dams are running alarmingly low.

HELPS CARGO SHIPS TRAVEL ALONG MEKONG

The release of water has also come to the aid of cargo vessels, allowing them to navigate more easily along the river.

In Nakhon Phanom, the rise in the Mekong River had helped farmers to maintain their paddy sprouts, an official said.

Many farmers in the province defied government orders and planted rice on 10,000 plots of land along the river, authorities said.

http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/general/903728/china-to-the-rescue-with-mekong-water-release

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Vocabulary:

according to (prep): as stated or reported by somebody/something - ตามคำบอกเล่า, ตามรายงาน

administration : government - รัฐบาล

affect : to produce a change in somebody/something - กระทบ, ส่งผล, มีผลต่อ

aid : help; assistance - ความช่วยเหลือ

alarmingly : worrying or frightening - ซึ่งน่าตกใจ

allow : to let somebody/something do something; to let something happen or be done - อนุญาต, ยอมรับ

authority (noun): a person or government agency who has the power to make decisions or enforce the law - เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ

awash : covered with water - จุ่มอยู่ใต้น้ำ

cargo : things that are being sent by ship, plane, train or truck - สินค้าที่บรรทุกและจัดส่งโดยเรือ เครื่องบินหรือรถไฟ

concern : to cause to worry - ทำให้กังวล

confirm (verb): to state or show that something is definitely true or correct, especially by providing evidence - ยืนยัน

crisis : an urgent, difficult or dangerous situation - วิกฤตการณ์

crop : a plant grown for food, usually on a farm - พืชผล

cultivation : the preparation and use of land for growing plants or crops - การเตรียมดินสำหรับเพาะปลูก

dam : a wall built across a river to stop the water from flowing, especially in order to create a lake or to help to produce electric power - เขื่อน

defiance : the refusal to obey - การขัดขืน

drought (noun): a long period of time when there is little or no rain - ฝนแล้ง, ภัยแล้ง, ความแห้งแล้ง)

ease : to make a problem, situation or pain less severe or serious - บรรเทา

embassy : a group of officials who represent their government in a foreign country - สถานทูต

feed : to send into a place; to give -

flow : (of a liquid) to move continuously in one direction - ไหล

inform : to tell somebody about something, especially in an official way - แจ้งให้ทราบ

issue : to give or provide something official - แจกจ่าย

level : the amount of liquid that there is in a container, which can be seen by how high the liquid is - ระดับ

local : in or related to the area that you live, or to the particular area that you are talking about - ท้องถิ่น

locals : people who live in a particular place - ชาวบ้าน

maintain : to keep something in good condition by checking or repairing it regularly - ซ่อมบำรุง

mega- : very large or impressive - ยิ่งใหญ่, ใหญ่มาก

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (noun): The ministry in charge of maintaining relations with other countries and looking after the interests of its citizens living abroad. - กระทรวงการต่างประเทศ

navigate : to sail or drive along, over or through a sea, river, flooded road etc - เดินเรือ

off-season : not during the main time or period of the year when an activity is done - off-season rice farming

officials : people who have the power to make decisions or enforce the law - เจ้าหน้าที่ผู้มีอำนาจ

order (verb): to use your position of authority to tell somebody to do something or say that something must happen - สั่ง

paddy : rice as it comes from the field after harvest - ข้าวเปลือก

pas the word to : inform; to tell somebody about something, especially in an official way - แจ้งให้ทราบ

pass the word to : inform; to tell somebody about something, especially in an official way - แจ้งให้ทราบ

prompted : caused - ก่อให้เกิด

province : one of many divisions of the government of a country into smaller parts - จังหวัด

recede : to move back; to move further away into the distance; subside - ลดลง, ถอยหลัง

release (verb): to let something move freely; to allow a substance to flow out from somewhere - ปล่อย

relief : a feeling of happiness that something unpleasant has not happened or has ended - การผ่อนคลาย

rescue : saving a person or animal from a dangerous or unpleasant situation - การช่วยชีวิต

rise (verb): to come or go upwards; to reach a higher level or position - ขึ้น

safeguard : something which protects something/somebody from loss, harm or damage; something which keeps something/somebody safe - สิ่งป้องกัน, สิ่งคุ้มกัน

saline : containing salt - น้ำเกลือ

saved the day : do something to save people from something bad happening -

situation : all the circumstances and things that are happening at a particular time and in a particular place - สถานการณ์

soil : the substance on the surface of the Earth in which plants grow - ดิน

sprout : small parts of a plant that have just left the ground and now have branches or leaves in the open air -

sustain : to keep someone alive; to give someone strength, energy, or hope - ทำให้มีชีวิตต่อไป, ทำให้มีต่อไป

switch : to change - เปลี่ยน

upstream : along a river, in the opposite direction to which the river is flowing - ต้นน้ำ

urge : to advise someone very strongly about what action or attitude they should take - ผลักดัน, กระตุ้น

vessel : a boat or ship - เรือ

warning : an action or statement telling someone of a possible problem or danger - การเตือน

worsen (verb): to get worse, to make worse - เลวลง, แย่ลง, ทรุดลง

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