Bloomberg View columnist
Pankaj Mishra, a Bloomberg View columnist, is an essayist and novelist based in India and London.
'On or about December 1910, human character changed," the English novelist Virginia Woolf once wrote. It's no exaggeration to say that human character in India changed equally dramatically between 2014 and 2019 as the number of active smartphones in the country quadrupled from 100 million to 400 million.
We live in an age of political earthquakes: That much, at least, seemed clear from newspaper headlines nearly every day of 2018. But intellectual tectonic plates were also shifting throughout the year, with ideas once dismissed as the ravings of the loony left breaking into the mainstream.