European Council Director
Mark Leonard is Director of the European Council on Foreign Relations.
A paradigm shift is taking place in relations between the European Union and China. The Covid-19 crisis has triggered a new debate within Europe about the need for greater supply-chain "diversification", and thus for a managed disengagement from China. That will not be easy, and it won't happen quickly. But, clearly, Europe has abandoned its previous ambition for a more closely integrated bilateral economic relationship with China.
People used to think that the most important decisions affecting Europe were made in Paris, Berlin or Brussels. But in recent months, as the European Union (EU) has confronted the refugee crisis, and the Syrian conflict that is fuelling it, Moscow and Ankara have come to the fore. And the EU is divided on how to deal with its two disgruntled neighbours, Russia and Turkey, both of which feel increasingly snubbed by the West.