Pupils below global average
Obec vows to lift core subject performance
The Office of the Basic Education Commission has vowed to strengthen students' reading skills after pupils were found to be consistently performing below the international average in core subjects, according to the results of the international 2018 Programme for International Student Assessment (Pisa) examinations.
Obec secretary-general Amnat Wichayanuwat said mathematics and science results were similar to those of three years ago, while reading evaluation showed lower results.
Therefore, critical and analytical reading would be promoted more among students.
Mr Amnat said education still faces problems of disparity.
"The direction of teaching sciences is successful. But we have to hurry development as Thai education has many problems, especially disparity. We have to hurry to ensure the quality of education in schools around the country is at the same level," he said.
Published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on Tuesday, the results show Thai students underperforming in reading, mathematics and science compared to most countries participating in the evaluation.
According to the survey -- which is undertaken every three years -- Thailand ranked 56th for maths, 66th for reading, and 52nd for sciences.
Thai pupils recorded a score of 393 points in reading, far below the OECD average of 487. In sciences, students scored 426 points, much worse than the international average of 489. And in mathematics, Thais scored 419 points, well below the OECD average of 489.
Thailand's reading performance in Pisa 2018 was lower than in any previous assessment. In mathematics, by contrast, performance remained stable. Performance in science also appeared stable.
The study also found socio-economically advantaged students in Thailand outperformed disadvantaged students in reading by 69 points. Moreover, some 1% of advantaged students in Thailand -- but 0% of disadvantaged students -- were top performers in reading.
The Pisa examinations evaluate education systems worldwide by measuring basic skills and knowledge of 15-year-old pupils, and their readiness for the challenges of adult life.
About 600,000 pupils from 79 countries, including 37 OECD nations, completed the latest test, which focused primarily on reading ability.
In terms of gender equality, Thai girls scored higher than boys in mathematics by 16 points. Across OECD countries, boys outperformed girls by five points.
While girls slightly outperformed boys in science (by two points) on average across OECD countries, in Thailand girls outperformed boys in science by 20 points.