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Rescue enters key phase

Rescue team members enter the Tham Luang cave on Sunday. The team got a break when the rains stopped and the pumps began making progress. (EPA photo)

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Race on to beat wet weather later in week

Search and rescue teams are racing time to locate and retrieve a group of 13 people believed to have been trapped inside Tham Luang cave complex before more rain arrives in two days.

The weather is expected to be in their favour early this week with the Meteorological Department saying less rain is expected over the next two days while wet conditions will return on Wednesday.

Those engaged in the rescue operations hope to make best use of the dry conditions to pump the water out of the flooded passages which have impeded the search so far, even though water pumps have been working at full capacity and aquifer wells have been drilled to lower the water level inside the cave.

No contact has been made so far with the 12 young footballers and their coach who have been missing since June 23, but rescue activities have nevertheless made headway.

Divers have established a forward command in an area known as Chamber 3, shortening the distance between the rescuers and the missing group which is believed to have taken shelter in a section known as “Pattaya Beach”.

The distance between Chamber 3 and Pattaya Beach is believed to be 3 kilometres. It has been reported that the divers have ventured 600 metres towards the target area.

The divers, both Thais and foreigners, are advancing, but at a slow rate as the whole cave network remains heavily flooded and the water is still muddy, reducing visibility.

A stream of assistance and moral support continues to pour in for the rescue teams and the lost boys.

His Majesty the King has provided chargeable LED light bulbs which are being used to light the inside of the cave.

His Holiness the Supreme Patriarch has urged Buddhists to study the Metta Sutta to help them prepare their minds for making powerful wishes for the safety of the missing people.

Last Friday, His Holiness led a Metta Sutta-based prayer for the football team at Royal Plaza in Bangkok upon royal command.

Princess Ubolratana has drawn a picture of the Moo Pa, or wild boar, which the football club is named after, with a picture of the footballers on its back to extend her support with the hashtag “Bring Moo Pa home”.

Additional compressed air tanks, scuba gear, water pumps, lights, ropes and survival kits have been transported into Tham Luang.

Naval Special Warfare Command chief Apakorn Yukongkaew vowed Sunday: “We won’t turn back ... We will continue to move forward until we find the boys.”

The commander said safety is a priority and the divers use ropes to guide them and compressed air tanks have been placed at every 25-metre mark along the way, adding that the divers will also carry spare tanks and food supplies for the missing.

The rescue effort has three main strands: divers are trying to swim through the flooded caves to search for the missing team; soldiers are looking for fissures that may provide more ways in to the complex, and engineers are pumping out millions of gallons of water.

There are several teams of foreign specialists involved. Groups from Australia, Britain, China, Laos and Myanmar are also assisting in the operation, as are several Thai companies, including the country’s biggest oil and gas exploration firm, PTT Plc.

The United States sent a team of 17 Air Force rescue specialists based on the Japanese island of Okinawa to aid in the search, along with additional support staff.

The latest foreign assistance is a team from Australia, who arrived at the Tham Luang cave complex on Sunday.

Six members of the Australian Federal Police's Specialist Response Group members, who have search and rescue and cave diving skills, arrived at Chiang Rai aboard a Royal Australian Air Force C-17 transport aircraft.

Australia's foreign affairs, defence and home affairs ministers said in a joint statement late on Saturday that Australia was working closely with the Thai government and the Royal Thai Army, who are leading the search operation.

The ADF has also deployed an official to the rescue command centre in Chiang Rai as a specialist liaison officer to provide operations and planning expertise. An officer of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT, Australia's foreign ministry) was also deploying with the AFP rescue team to assist with coordination.

Two separate Chinese teams are helping.

James Wang, a member of the Chinese rescue team Green Boat Emergency Organisation, believed they could help with the operation.

"We have the skill to the rescue cave and the skill of SRT, single rope technology. So I think, in this environment we can do something for the children," he said.

Another Chinese team has brought underwater drones and 3D imaging, though so far the floodwater has been too murky for it to be effective.

Survival efforts favour the boys and their coach.

Cave temperatures are believed to be between 20C and 25C and the porous limestone rock means there should be enough oxygen, although some caves in the region are known to contain bad air pockets with carbon dioxide.

Messages the children sent before setting off to explore the cave on Saturday suggest they had taken torches and some food.

Thai medical experts say the group's survival depends on whether they find fresh drinking water.

They could survive eight days without food, Medical Services Department Director Dr Somsak Akkasilp said. Fresh drinking water might be a problem.

The missing boys are at risk from infection from unclean water or if they have contact with an animal inside the cave, he added.

There has been no contact with them since they went to explore the Tham Luang caves after a football practice on June 23.

Outside the cave, all units are on standby with preparations being made should any of the boys need emergency treatment or transportation.

Vehicles have been barred from entering the site to facilitate this.

Evacuation and medical drills carried out on Saturday underlined the need to regulate traffic around Tham Luang cave as emergency routes were blocked by uncooperative motorists.

Police, troops and rescue teams continue to search for new shafts that will help them gain further access to the cave network.

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Vocabulary:

complex : an area that has several parts - พื้นที่ประกอบด้วยส่วนต่าง ๆ

deploy : (of police or soldiers) to put in place ready for action - ส่ง (ทหาร, ตำรวจ) ประจำการ.

drill : an activity which practises a particular skill or procedure - การฝึกหัด

evacuation : moving people from a place of danger to a safer place - การอพยพ

fissure (noun): a long deep crack in something, especially in rock or in the earth - รอยแตก

headway : progress - ความคืบหน้า

impede : to delay or stop the progress of something - กีดขวาง, กั้นขวาง

infection : a disease or medical condition that is caused by a bacteria or by a virus or a parasite - การติดเชื้อ

liaison : a person whose job is to make sure there is a good relationship between two groups or organizations - ผู้ประสานงาน

moral support : giving someone encouragement - ให้กำลังใจ

murky : not clear; dark or dirty with mud or another substance - มืดมนมาก

pocket : a small area which has a particular quality that makes it different from the areas around it -

retrieve (verb): to get something back, especially something that is not easy to find - ได้กลับคืนมา

rope (noun): very strong thick string made by twisting thinner strings, wires, etc. together - เชือก

shelter : a place where people are protected from danger or bad weather; a temporary place to stay - ที่หลบภัย  ที่พักชั่วคราว

torch : a small electric lamp that uses batteries and that you can hold in your hand - ไฟฉาย

uncooperative (adj): not willing to be helpful to other people or do what they ask - ไม่ให้ความร่วมมือ

visibility : how clearly objects can be seen, or how far you can see clearly, usually because of the weather conditions - ทัศนวิสัย

wish (noun): an attempt to make something happen by thinking hard about it - การขอ, การอธิษฐาน

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