Pro-democracy protesters learn hand gestures and signs to communicate with one another in Bangkok on Sunday, as they continue for the fourth consecutive day to defy an emergency decree banning gatherings. (AFP photo)
Hands point above head = need umbrella; Hands held over head = need helmet; Hands crossed over chest = enough supplies here.
Protesters in Bangkok and around the country are learning a whole new language, developed within days to coordinate among crowds of thousands of people at demonstrations that have swollen in defiance of a government ban and despite the arrest of many protest leaders.
"Everyone has been helping each other out," said 19-year-old Riam, who like most protesters would only give one name. "At first, we had to work out what people were saying, but with the gestures, it's pretty easy to guess."
Some of the words in the protesters’ hand signal vocabulary are the same as those used in Hong Kong. Some they made up themselves and have now gained common usage.
Three months of protests have sought to bring down Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha, a former junta leader, and to curb the powers of the monarchy.
They gained added momentum last week with a government crackdown that brought the arrest of several of the highest profile protest leaders and saw police using water cannon for the first time on Friday.
Since Friday, police have not tried to break up protests, but protesters are taking no chances.
Their new language only took shape at the weekend -- when groups started to teach and practice the moves together. Some messages are still passed down by shouting to each other.
"Everyone is well educated and learns how to survive without the leaders," said 20-year-old Tangmae as she demonstrated some of the signs. "We should communicate so the protest can happen in an orderly way."
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coordinate : to organise the different parts of a job or plan so that the people involved work together effectively - ประสานงานกัน
curb : to control or limit something - จำกัดขอบเขต, ควบคุม
defiance : the refusal to obey - การขัดขืน
gesture : a movement that communicates a feeling or instruction - ลักษณะท่าทาง
guess : to try and give an answer or make a judgement about something without being sure of all the facts - เดา
junta : a group of military officers that governs a country, usually without having been elected - รัฐบาลทหาร
momentum : progress or development that is becoming faster or stronger - แรงผลักดัน
orderly (adj): arranged or organised in a neat, careful and logical way - ซึ่งเป็นระเบียบเรียบร้อย
swollen : larger or fuller than normal - ขยายใหญ่,พองตัว,บวม
usage (noun): how much someone uses a service, measured in minutes, for example - การใช้
water cannon : a machine that produces a powerful flow of water, used by the police to control crowds of people -