Circumambulation of the Capital

At the end of the coronation, the newly-crowned King travels on a parade by land and by water to allow the people to admire his charisma.

The state progress is known as a circumambulation of the capital city. It usually involves the King being carried on a palanquin in an elaborate procession mimicking the march of an army during the old days. The procession will be attended by royal members, high-ranking officials and hundreds of soldiers wearing resplendent-coloured, traditional costumes. It comes complete with precious royal decorations and paraphernalia.

The procession customarily travels around the Grand Palace, stopping for the King to pay homage to important temples along the way.

For King Rama X, the land-based state progress is due to take place in the afternoon of May 5, after the ceremony to celebrate the King’s ceremonial name and appointment of royal members to new royal rankings.

The King is scheduled to travel from the Grand Palace to Wat Ratchabophit, Wat Phra Chetuphon and Wat Bowon Niwet.

The state progress by way of water is a royal barge procession usually taking the king from the Grand Palace to make merit at Wat Arun Ratchawararam.

As per the King’s command, the royal barge procession to celebrate the coronation will be held later this year in October to coincide with the royal kathin ceremony.


  • The Royal Barge Procession was held as part of the coronation ceremony for the first time during the reign of King Rama IV. Before that, only a land-based progress around the Grand Palace was customary to allow the public to witness the regal majesty of the newly crowned king.
  • The coronation ceremony of the late King Bhumibol Adulyadej featured no state progresses either by land or water. To celebrate the late King’s third-cycle, 36th birthday anniversary, however, the ancient ceremony was revived to let the public pay respect to the King.

    King Rama IX’s only state progress was held on December 7, 1963. Covering a total distance of about 5.7km, the state procession started from Abhorn Bimok Pavilion inside the Grand Palace and proceeded along Ratchadamnoen Avenue to Bang Lamphu and Wat Bowon Niwet before returning to the Grand Palace.

(Sources & photos: The Royal Coronation Ceremony, Ministry of Culture)