Myanmar's military coup creates banking woes
published : 24 Feb 2021 at 10:45
YANGON: Early bird customers of a military-owned bank queued anxiously as dawn light crept over Rangoon, after a strict new limit on daily cash withdrawals fuelled rumours of a money shortage in post-coup Myanmar.
Myawaddy Bank is among scores of military-controlled businesses in Myanmar facing boycott pressures since the generals ousted civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi from power on February 1.
Nationwide protests have called for employees -- including bank workers -- to skip work, seizing up a banking sector heavily dominated by the military and its cronies ahead of the monthly payday this Friday.
For those in need of cash, it does not help that no clear information has been released.
In commercial hub Rangoon, private banks remain mostly closed, government banks seem partly open, and getting cash from ATMs appears to be a touch-and-go endeavour.
The uncertainty has fuelled worries of cash shortages, said Tun Naing, a 43-year-old businessman who has queued up daily for the past week to withdraw six million Myanmar kyat -- or about 135,000 baht -- from his Myawaddy bank account.
"Because of rumours about this bank, I came to withdraw my money," he told AFP.
Despite being the sixth-biggest domestic bank in Myanmar, Myawaddy is only allowing 200 customers per branch to make withdrawals limited to 500,000 kyat a day -- about 11,100 baht.
Getting a spot in the morning is key, with "some people staying at nearby hotels to queue early for tokens", Tun Naing said.
Others are not so lucky.
Retired teacher Myint Myint has been queueing every day for a week but still has not been able to make a withdrawal.
"I'm really fed up," the 64-year-old told AFP.
"They should announce through (state-run media) that our money is okay... Although my savings are not much, I'm worrying because of rumours."
Despite the irregular opening schedules of banks across Rangoon, a notice in state-run newspaper New Light of Myanmar claimed that daily services were still being provided.
"People are requested to take part in this process for ensuring economic stability of the country," read the Central Bank notice.
- 'Elevated political risk' -
While the risk of cash shortages in the country is high, the timeframe is unpredictable, said Myanmar-born international business expert Htwe Htwe Thein from Australia's Curtin University.
"In the past under the previous military government, they had been known to print money and that of course hyped up inflation," she told AFP.
The pre-coup Myanmar economy was already facing severe economic headwinds from the coronavirus pandemic and lockdown measures.
And the situation is expected to get worse because of a civil disobedience movement that has government employees boycotting work.
The generals have already been hit with sanctions by the United States, Britain, Canada and the European Union, and the larger economy is also at risk of suffering reputational damage and a decline in foreign direct investment.
International credit ratings agency Fitch swiftly revised the country's growth estimates for most of 2021 down from 5.6 percent to 2 percent on the day of the coup, citing "elevated political risks".
A potential pause on foreign cash inflow has raised the alarm for activist group Justice for Myanmar, who say the generals could now dip into some $6.7 billion worth of Myanmar's foreign reserves.
So far, US sanctions have included a $1 billion asset freeze.
"If foreign banks continue to do business with these banks under military-control, they will be complicit in propping up the military regime," Justice for Myanmar said.
- 'I have enough difficulties already' -
On the ground, the worries are more immediate -- such as how companies will pay their employees at the end of the month or how the elderly will get their pensions as hundreds of thousands take to the streets to protest against the coup.
Aye Aye, 85, said between the unclear opening schedule of her bank and the demonstrators on the street, she is reluctant to withdraw her pension until the situation gets calmer.
"I will take it next month," she said, though it would likely put some pressure on her household as she cares for two ill relatives.
"I have enough difficulties already," she told AFP.
"As I'm old, I worry only for today."
Outside a Myawaddy branch on Tuesday, a lone security guard tried to calm a small crowd clamouring to withdraw their funds.
He shouted that company accounts were being prioritised so they can pay salaries.
"We will resume cash withdrawals after these companies (have done their withdrawals)," he announced at the bank gates, barring an anxious crowd from entering.