HONG KONG - Asian markets rallied Friday as forecast-busting Chinese data boosted hopes the world's number-two economy may be stabilising after an extended slowdown.
The news out of Beijing, which followed a recent batch of encouraging figures, came a day after authorities further eased restrictions on banks in a bid to kickstart growth.
The region-wide gains built on a surge in New York and Europe fuelled by healthy readings on the United States consumer sector and indications from the European Central Bank that it may have reached the end of its interest rate hiking cycle.
The latest developments provided some much-needed relief to investors, who have endured a tough few weeks owing to concerns a series of above-par economic figures will pressure the Federal Reserve to lift borrowing costs once more this year.
Hong Kong and Shanghai led the Asian charge Friday after data showed Chinese retail sales and industrial production jumped more than expected last month.
The figures were the latest suggesting the economy could be stabilising, with inflation, trade and services all showing a marked improvement in recent weeks.
They also came a day after the People's Bank of China announced a cut in the amount of cash lenders must hold in reserve, a decision aimed at freeing up cash for loans that can juice business activity.
"The improvement in industrial production and retail sales is encouraging," Frances Cheung, of Oversea-Chinese Banking Corp, said.
"Recent economic data point to some stabilisation in economic activities."
However, officials added a note of caution with the latest readings, with the National Bureau of Statistics warning "there are still a lot of uncertainties and instabilities externally, and the domestic demand still appears insufficient".
While the government has unveiled a number of targeted, piecemeal measures to charge the economy, investors have for months been calling for a "bazooka" stimulus similar to that seen in 2008 during the global financial crisis.
Still, in early trade, Hong Kong was up more than 1%, while Shanghai also bounced.
Tokyo was also up more than 1%, helped by a rally in tech investor SoftBank that came after the firm's chip design unit Arm soared 25% on its trading debut in New York.
Sydney, Singapore, Seoul, Taipei and Wellington were also well in positive territory.
There's a growing sense of optimism among a cohort of investors who believe that Beijing's recent initiatives to stimulate the economy and stabilize financial markets are showing signs of success, following the sharp sell-off in August," said SPI Asset Management's Stephen Innes.
"However, it's essential to exercise caution, as it's still early in this process, and a single month of positive data isn't sufficient to confirm a sustained path to recovery."
Traders were given a solid platform to start the day after all three main indexes on Wall Street rallied on the back of figures pointing to a still-resilient US consumer sector.
The readings, which came with in-line wholesale inflation data, suggest the economy could be headed for a soft landing as the Fed tries to take the steam out of and bring down inflation by hiking interest rates.
They also all but confirmed the Fed will likely not lift rates next week, and while there is still the possibility of one more hike this year, traders remain optimistic.
"The Fed has indicated that they want to slow down the pace of rate increases, and for that reason they are still likely to keep rates unchanged at next week's meeting," Chris Zaccarelli at Independent Advisor Alliance said.
"But all of the data that is coming in higher than expected is going to put pressure on them to raise rates again at the following meeting."
The ECB gave a strong hint it may be done with its monetary tightening campaign after pushing its rates to their highest level since the introduction of the euro in 1999 and forecasting inflation would come down to a near-target 2.1% in 2025.
"Risk markets are in a more buoyant mood at the end of this week, following a dovish ECB rate hike, an inline US inflation report and strong consumer spending and labour market data," said Tony Sycamore, an analyst at IG in Sydney.
- Key figures around 0715 GMT -
Tokyo - Nikkei 225: UP 1.3% at 3,3613.52 (close)
Hong Kong - Hang Seng Index: UP 1.5% at 18,311.93
Shanghai - Composite: UP 0.4% at 3,137.67 (close)
Dollar/yen: DOWN at 147.36 yen from ¥147.46 on Thursday
Euro/dollar: DOWN at $1.0637 from $1.0645
Euro/pound: UP at 85.75 pence from 85.73 pence
Pound/dollar: UP at $1.2418 from $1.2409
West Texas Intermediate: UP 0.7% at $90.80 per barrel
Brent North Sea crude: UP 0.6% at $94.25 per barrel
New York - Dow: UP 1.0% at 34,907.11 (close)
-- Bloomberg News contributed to this story --