UNSC must address pandemic

UNSC must address pandemic

The Covid-19 situation is a very worrying, indeed, alarming matter, not just as a global health and biosafety issue, but potentially as a global security challenge, too.

While the pandemic is being dealt with by the World Health Organisation (WHO), along with other relevant United Nation Specialised Agencies, the situation is deteriorating rapidly and could easily get out of control. This is of course, if it is not effectively contained. In such a (more and more likely) scenario, it could engulf the entire world, with the effects and impacts akin to those of a third world war, though initially of a different kind.

We are amazed that the UN Security Council (UNSC) has not stepped in. It should have done so as to address the Covid-19 and surrounding situation in the way it clearly deserves to be dealt with, given its devastating impact on the entire international community in almost every dimension, including international peace and security, which indisputably falls under its mandate under the UN Charter.

As the council has often dealt with issues which are sometimes not ostensibly related to international or regional security, and of much less importance or urgency than this dreadful pandemic, we are puzzled, indeed alarmed, as to why it has chosen not to come to grips with the pandemic as a matter of the utmost urgency.

If the members of the council, for their own internal reasons, have not felt compelled to do so, shouldn't the other members of the world body, individually or collectively as international or regional groupings, such as the European Union (EU), the Non-Aligned Movement -- G-77, African Union, or Asean, take the much-desired initiative to call on the UNSC to imperatively address this global pandemic, even as the WHO and other concerned UN agencies, much to their credit, are dealing with the issue from their own (narrow) perspectives -- and yet rather limited mandate and resources?

In this regard, especially the EU, would be well-positioned to exert the much-needed pressure on the UNSC, given the devastation that the virus has wreaked on a number of its members, notably Italy and Spain, among others.

Such an urgent meeting, indeed, an Emergency Special Session of the UNSC at this point in time would be greatly applauded by the entire international community as it would accord the world body the leadership role that its members expect it to play at this most critical point in post-World War II human history.

In this dire situation, the big powers should put aside their ideological and policy differences, or power plays, and focus instead on galvanising concerted international actions to ensure the safety and well-being of the entire human race.

By acting decisively and urgently, the UN secretary-general and the UNSC would be sending a bold and clear yet calming signal to the whole of humanity.

More importantly, such a unified voice would be also welcomed and well understood as a referential (not to say a norm setting) note by other crucial agencies, such as the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, the International Labour Organization, the International Civil Aviation Organization, the World Tourism Organization, as well as by the Red Cross, Bretton Woods institutions, the Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development, the Federation of Trade Unions, including other specialised or non-UN FORAs, most notably developmental entities such as the Inter-American Development Bank, the Islamic Development Bank, the Asia Development Bank and the Africa Development Bank.

In the following period -- while witnessing indeed a true historical conjuncture, we need a global observance and protection of human rights and of jobs, for the benefit of the economy and overall security. Therefore, the measures imposed cannot be disproportionate, unrelated, indefinite, unbalanced and only lead to societal expenses or democracy regression. Recovery -- which from now on calls for formidable biosafety, too -- will be impossible without social consensus. Clearly, it will be unsustainable if at the expense of labour or done through the erosion of basic human rights -- embedded in the UN Charter and accepted as essential to the very success of Sustainable Development Goals.

Indeed, countries are not just economies, but most of all societies. The truth is plain to see: The planet has stopped, although capital remains intact. We came to a global halt because labour has been sent home. Hence, a recovery will come with labour. Historically, labour has never betrayed, while capital has failed us many times. By the same token, human rights never betrayed the state and its social cohesion, but the states -- and much glorified markets -- far too many times in history have failed humans. Therefore, there is no true exit from the crisis without strengthening labour and human rights.

For a grave planetary problem, a rapidly articulated global accord is badly needed. Therefore, multilateralism -- as the most effective planetary tool at our disposal -- is not our policy choice. It is the only way for human race to (socio-economically and politically) survive.

Covid-19 is a challenge that comes from the world of biology. Yet, biology and international relations share one basic rule: Comply or die. To remind us; it is not the big that eat the small, rather it is the fast which eat the slow.

It is high time to switch off the autopilot. Leadership and vision now!


Tan Sri Hasmy Agam is Malaysia's Ambassador to the United Nations in New York (including a term in UNSC), Head of the Diplomatic Academy, Chairman of the Human Rights Commission of Malaysia (Suhakam) – retired. Prof Anis H Bajrektarevic is chairperson and professor in international law and global political studies, Austria. He has authored seven books and numerous articles on, mainly, geopolitics energy and technology.


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