Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha has defended the use of the most controversial section in the interim constitution, saying Section 44 is applied carefully.
Section 44 has faced widespread criticism because it gives sweeping power to the junta leader to take action on anything he deems necessary.
Dubbed the "dictator clause", Section 44 has been used to force a speedy resolution to problems in the fishery and aviation industries. In both cases the country has been under stiff international pressure to improve its performance.
However, it was also applied earlier this year to crack down on drinking establishments after an uproar over alcohol sales near schools.
But Gen Prayut, who chairs the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO), says any actions taken under Section 44 are carefully screened first.
"The power is used in the most constructive and transparent manner, given that there are committees overseeing the use of this power while the operations proceed strictly according to set regulations," he said on his weekly Returning Happiness to Thai People broadcast.
Human rights advocates and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights have expressed worry about the section, saying it could open the way for human rights abuses.
UN human rights chief Zeid Ra'ad al-Hussein said in April that the section had sweeping power and could destroy the checks and balances mechanism in the country.
The latest assurance from the prime minister comes ahead of his visit to the United Nations. Gen Prayut will leave Bangkok for New York on Wednesday and take the podium at the UN General Assembly on Sept 29 before returning to Thailand on Oct 1. He will attend the UN Sustainable Development Summit held from Sept 25-27.
A government source said he would hold talks with the leaders of Brazil, Turkey and Kazakhstan on the sidelines of the UN meetings.
Some red-shirt members in the United States have threatened an anti-coup protest in New York during his stay.
Gen Prayut said he expected opposition during his visit but urged protesters not to drag internal politics onto the international stage and jeopardise the country's future.
"Regardless of whether there are intentions to harm me or oppose me, I will be attending the assembly in the name of your country, and this country needs to move forward," he said.
While in New York, Gen Prayut will also renew Thailand's quest for a seat on the UN Security Council, said Foreign Ministry spokesman Sek Wannamethee.
Mr Sek said Gen Prayut's trip would focus on development issues to fit in with UN goals, but he did not say whether the premier would explain the political situation in Thailand.
"We will emphasise our role on sustainable development and [how we are] reducing the gaps and promoting equality," Mr Sek said.