Landslide vote for Muslim self-rule on Mindanao

Landslide vote for Muslim self-rule on Mindanao

All sides hope for peaceful transition to a peaceful Bangsamoro

Women look for their names on a voters’ list at a polling station in Maguindanao, on the southern island of Mindanao, during voting this week to ratify the passage of the Bangsamoro Organic Law. (AFP Photo)
Women look for their names on a voters’ list at a polling station in Maguindanao, on the southern island of Mindanao, during voting this week to ratify the passage of the Bangsamoro Organic Law. (AFP Photo)

MANILA: Voters have decisively approved a new Muslim-led region in the southern Philippines, where a measure of peace is now hoped for after decades of fighting killed thousands and mired the area in poverty.

The results, announced on Friday, will begin the process of the Catholic-majority nation’s largest rebel group, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), laying down its weapons and assuming political power.

About 150,000 people were killed in the rebellion that began in the 1970s and aimed to push the government to grant independence to a Muslim minority concentrated on the island of Mindanao.

“We are very happy about the overwhelming support of the people,” MILF leader Murad Ebrahim told AFP. “It was a landslide. There’s been nothing like this.”

Voters, who were expected to back the so-called Bangsamoro region, delivered a convincing result of about 1.7 million in favour and some 254,600 against, according to official results from the elections commission.

A handful of smaller areas, which were not included in Monday’s referendum due to administrative delays, are set to vote on Feb 6 on whether to join.

Rebels and the government in Manila hope a new, peaceful Bangsamoro will finally draw the investment needed to pull the region from the grinding poverty that has made it a hotspot for radical recruitment.

As part of the peace process, the MILF has joined the government in battling the hardline, Islamic State-aligned factions waging guerrilla campaigns in the southern Philippines.

President Rodrigo Duterte, himself from Mindanao, has been a staunch supporter of Bangsamoro and signed the law last year paving the way for the vote.

Under the terms of the law which lays out the region’s powers, Bangsamoro will get US$950 million in development funds over the next 10 years, as well as a share of the tax revenue generated within its borders and national receipts.

Manila will keep control over the police, but it is hoped that close cooperation on security with the Bangsamoro’s leaders will help to tame the region’s endemic lawlessness.

Muslim rebels have long been battling for independence or autonomy on Mindanao, which they regard as their ancestral homeland dating back to when Arab traders arrived there in the 13th century.

Bangsamoro will expand and supersede an existing Muslim-led region that struggled to govern effectively due to limited powers and was hamstrung by alleged corruption.

After voters’ approval, the rebels are to immediately demobilise a third of their fighters, which the group says number about 30,000.

MILF has begun an inventory of its weapons, which will not be destroyed but rather placed in a depot guarded by former fighters and government security forces.

Laying down their guns may prove to be a delicate process for rebels living in a region with extremely limited rule of law, where being armed is also a way to protect oneself and one’s family from crime.

Transitioning from rebellion to governance also promises to carry challenges for rebels who have limited experience in politics and bureaucracy.

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