Super typhoon kills 1 in Philippines, tens of thousands flee

Super typhoon kills 1 in Philippines, tens of thousands flee

Waves crash onto the shore as Super Typhoon Surigae moves close to the Philippines in the province of Catbalogan, Samar, Philippines on Sunday, in this screen grab obtained from a social media video. (DJ RJ RENE CASTINO via REUTERS)
Waves crash onto the shore as Super Typhoon Surigae moves close to the Philippines in the province of Catbalogan, Samar, Philippines on Sunday, in this screen grab obtained from a social media video. (DJ RJ RENE CASTINO via REUTERS)

At least one person was killed and tens of thousands fled their homes as Super Typhoon Surigae made a close approach to the Philippines’ eastern provinces.

A 79-year-old male was declared dead on arrival at a hospital after suffering severe head injury caused by a fallen coconut tree in Leyte province in central Philippines, the disaster risk-reduction agency said in an April 18 report.

More than 109,000 people have been evacuated in six provinces in Bicol, a region frequently slammed by typhoons, according to the agency’s civil defense office.

Strong winds and high waves lashed the eastern Philippines on Monday as the strongest typhoon ever recorded in April barrelled past in the Pacific Ocean, prompting official warnings of flash floods and landslides in the archipelago.

The national weather bureau issued a severe wind and heavy rainfall warning on Monday, saying "destructive typhoon-force winds extend outward up to 110 km from the centre of the storm". More than 60,000 people have been evacuated from coastal areas.

The core of Surigae, or Bising as the storm is known locally, is not expected to hit land. But with a diameter of 500 km and winds reaching 195 km per hour, the first super typhoon of 2021 foreshadows a busy storm season for the region in the year ahead, experts say.

"Early indications are that the 2021 typhoon season will be at least average in activity, and possibly above average," US meteorologist Jeff Masters wrote on Yale Climate Connections.

Atmospheric scientists say data shows that storms, called typhoons, cyclones or hurricanes in different parts of the world, are getting stronger because of global warming.

"The fuel for these storms is warm oceans," said Anne-Claire Fontan, a scientific officer at the World Meteorological Organization based in Geneva. "The global trend is that they are getting stronger, and a higher percentage of total storms will be stronger."

A warmer atmosphere holds more moisture, allowing gale force winds to dump more rain. In particular, water temperature in the western Pacific Ocean is higher than the global average, making it fertile ground for mega-storms like Surigae. The region sees more storms than any other part of the world, more than 70% of which develop at the peak of the season between July and October.

The Philippines sees around 20 tropical storms annually. Last year, the strongest typhoon of the year, Goni, hit the country with gusts of up to 310km per hour, killing 25 people and forcing the evacuation of more than 345,000.

Taiwan, meanwhile, is hoping the storm brings much-needed rain to alleviate a drought, with people taking to social media to welcome it. However, it is expected to veer away from Taiwan out into the Pacific, bringing rain only to the northern part of the island later this week.


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