Myanmar VP-in-waiting still on US blacklist

Myanmar VP-in-waiting still on US blacklist

Myint Swe, who has been nominated as vice-president by the Myanmar military, delivers a speech during a Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) party campaign rally in Yangon on Oct 10 last year. (EPA Photo)
Myint Swe, who has been nominated as vice-president by the Myanmar military, delivers a speech during a Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) party campaign rally in Yangon on Oct 10 last year. (EPA Photo)

YANGON — Myanmar's army has drawn public criticism after it nominated a retired general still blacklisted by the United States to be a vice president in the country's first civilian government in decades.

Hardliner Myint Swe, 64, is seen as a close ally of former junta leader Than Shwe and comes from the military establishment that kept the country in poverty under decades of isolationist rule.

A parliament dominated by Aung Sang Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy is days away from confirming a president after sweeping to power in November elections, but the still-strong army has the right to nominate a candidate.

Though NLD nominee Htin Kyaw is all but guaranteed to clinch the top post, Gen Myint Swe would still become one of two vice presidents.

Social media sites and comment boards were flooded with criticism after the soldier's nomination was announced, with many expressing regret over the military's continuing political influence.

"Even though we hoped to see a civilian government, we have to accept a thief anyway," wrote a Facebook commentator named Aung Kyaw Oo.

Zaw Linn posted, "I can't understand why the military chose someone who the people so strongly do not want."

The US State Department confirmed that Myint Swe, now the Yangon chief minister, still faces sanctions but did not say whether this would affect diplomatic relations.

"We have made our concerns known about this individual and this process, quite frankly, and we'll monitor it going forward," spokesman John Kirby said at a briefing on Friday in Washington.

The US began easing economic sanctions on Myanmar after a quasi-civilian government took over from the junta in 2011 and unleashed a wave of political reforms.

But dozens of business tycoons and senior military figures, including Myint Swe, have been kept on the US Treasury Department's list of "Specially Designated Nationals" and Americans are barred from doing business with them.

Questions also remain about the retired general's eligibility for the role, as he was disqualified from the vice presidency in 2012 for having a son-in-law with Australian citizenship.

The country's army-scripted constitution bans anyone with close foreign relatives from the top office, which is why Suu Kyi herself is unable to officially take the helm despite her widespread popularity.

The 70-year-old Nobel laureate — whose sons have British citizenship — has long said she would circumvent the ban by ruling "above" the president.

Her choice for a proxy, respected writer and long-time friend Htin Kyaw, is highly likely to assume the role after sailing through a parliamentary vote this week.

A military spokesman declined to comment on how the army's nominee would evade the foreign citizenship clause, which many suspect was written specifically to sideline Suu Kyi.

"We can only confirm to you that he is who the military chose as vice-president and we can't comment on the other issues," Col Khin Maung Cho told AFP.

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