Thailand’s Climate Leaders: Digital power technology is ready to build a low-carbon Thailand
published : 12 Nov 2021 at 18:42
According to the Global Climate Risk Index 2021, Thailand is one of the countries most affected by climate change globally, ranking 9th of 170 countries.
In October this year, Thailand proposed a carbon neutrality by 2065-2070 roadmap at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA). Thailand became the first ASEAN country to formally propose and announce a national carbon neutrality roadmap. Thailand is going to achieve carbon emissions peak by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2065-2070. It means that carbon emissions per unit of GDP needs to reduce by 6% annually after 2030, which is challenging and a race against time.
The top 3 CO2 emission sectors in Thailand are Power Industry (37%), Transport (29%), and Industrial emissions (28%). Therefore, reducing the carbon emissions of these three sectors through the Energy Transformation is the key to addressing climate change.
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According to the International Energy Agency (IEA) forecast, global clean energy power generation will account for 50% by 2050, with 90% of vehicles zero-emission EVs. So electricity will become the main form of global energy use.
Science and technology constitute a primary productive force. In recent years, digital power technology has developed rapidly and become the core technology to address climate change. Many international companies in Silicon Valley, China and Thailand are exploring ways to address this problem. In Thailand, the tech giant Huawei is one of the active players in exploring green technology such as solar power and electric vehicles.
According to Liang Hua, chairman of Huawei, "Climate change has now become a huge roadblock for social development. Human society needs to move faster towards low-carbon development and green growth models. We also need to protect the environment, and promote green economic recovery. These are common goals shared by the global community."
Based on Huawei's newly released Sustainability Report and several executive speeches, digital power technology that combines power electronics technology (Watt/Heat/Light) and digital technology(5G/Bit/Cloud/AI) is becoming more mature and offering various product forms. The company also shares four of the key products and solutions as representatives of digital power technology.
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Cost-effective 4th generation solar power technology: After decades of development, PV technology has evolved to the 4th generation in combination with digital technology in the past five years. The current Levelized Cost of Electricity can reach $0.037 per kilowatt-hour. Modules and self-operation and maintenance features make it easy to deploy on residential roofs.
Smart string energy storage technology (ESS): The combination of lithium batteries and digital control technology makes the smart string energy storage system more and more popular. There are products with various specifications and capacities for different scenarios to choose from which fundamentally solve the discontinuous issue of solar and wind power generation.
All scenarios and modular green data centers and communication sites technology: ICT technology has become the infrastructure of the economy and society and is becoming a major consumer of electricity. 10% of energy consumption will come from ICT by 2050. Therefore, countries like Thailand need to deploy green data centers and 5G base stations from the beginning.
Economical EV and super-fast charging technology: Since the third quarter, the highest-selling electric car in the world is no longer Tesla. It is the Wuling Mini EV from China, priced at $4,000. The widely deployed charging pile, economical EVs, and 1,000 km long-range EVs will bring Thailand into zero-carbon travel in the next decade. In the latest policy direction, Thailand aims to only sell zero-emission vehicles in the country from 2035 as it works to transform itself from a Southeast Asian hub for the production of conventional autos to one making electric cars.
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The integration of power electronics technology (Watt/Heat) and digital technology (5G/Bit/Cloud/AI) revolutionise power and infrastructure. That is happening now. Digital power technology is ready for all industries to build a Low-carbon Thailand.
In a media event, Abel Deng, CEO of Huawei Thailand, announced that in 2021, Huawei Thailand established the new Digital Power business unit in order to support Thailand to become the ASEAN digital hub, not only with its digital technology implementation but also as a carbon neutrality leader, thriving with innovation and sustainability. According to Mr. Deng, the power consumption rate of new ICT technologies like 5G, data center and industry digitisation are much higher but Thailand is running along the highway of digitalisation.
Since becoming a separate business unit within Huawei, the Digital Power business has expanded rapidly, with industry-leading output and market share. In Prefabricated Modular Data Center, Smart PV and Site Power Facility business, Huawei has gained a leadership position within the sector with the largest global market share. For mPower business, Huawei was the world's first company to innovate new technology, called X-in-1 ePowertrain, to raise the energy efficiency of electric vehicles. Moreover, for Modular Power, Huawei has supplied over 300 million high-efficiency Modular Power units globally. With its highly efficient local team and partners, Huawei expects that leading-technology and global practice adoption will support Thailand toward becoming the ASEAN carbon neutral leader.
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